DFG Research Group FOR2104
March 1 – March 3, 2018

Concluding Conference of the 1st Funding Period

Need-Based Justice and Distribution Procedures

The research group intends to answer four questions: (i) How do individuals identify needs and which distributions are considered sufficient for the identified needs? (ii) What is recognized on a collective level as a needs-based distribution and how does the process of needs-recognition occur? (iii) Which dynamic unfolds in the collective recognition process in the sense of an (un-)stable political agreement? (iv) Which incentive-triggered consequences arise from the collective to the individual level and is need-based redistribution sustainable? We suggest that the principle of needs-based distribution minimizes the tension between selfish und strategically influenced distribution preferences (social preferences) and ethically reflected principles of justice, if the recognition of needs occurs in a transparent manner (social objectification) and available information is used optimally with expertise (factual objectification). The answers for the four questions are therefore based on two main hypotheses which will be tested: The transparency hypothesis assumes that the individual and collective acceptance of the distribution result increases with greater transparency of decision-making processes for the recognition of needs. Similarly, the expert hypothesis assumes that the objectification of needs-recognition decisions through the use of expertise increases the approval of the result. Eight interdisciplinary sub-projects are devoted to each of the four research questions from the perspective of one of the two main hypotheses. 

Further Information / Nähere Informationen

Public lectures:

March 1st, 4 p.m.: How Time Affects What People Think About Social Justice (Stefan Liebig, University of Bielefeld)

March 1st, 5 p.m.: Communication and Deliberation in Experimental Settings (André Bächtiger, University of Stuttgart)

March 2nd, 5.30 p.m.: Need-Based Justice: Theory and Evidence (David Miller, Nuffield College, Oxford)

The public lectures are free. Please register below.

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DFG Research Group FOR2104
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